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Aden

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Location & ClimateAden
                  
The City of Aden overlooks the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Aden.  It is situated 346 km south of the City of Sana'a and 160 km east of the Strait of Bab Al-Mandab.  The climate in the summer is hot and moderate in the Winter. Area & Population The area of the Governorate of Aden is 8,321 square kilometers and the population is 564,335 according to the 1994 Census. Aden was cited in the ancient inscriptions as one of the ancient large Arabian markets.  It used to be the port used by the Himyarites, which was known as the Awsani Port.
 
Major Landmarks & Sites
 
The oldest historical landmarks are found in the Old City of Aden and its periphery.  In general, contains many historical fortresses and old tunnels, which were used by the population until 1940 to move their livestock and their camels laden with goods.  The Western Gate of Aden and these tunnels were the inlets to the Old City of "Crater" which is at the footsteps of Jabal (Mount) Shamsan on the northeast.  The tunnels and the Aden Gate, the arch of which was removed in 1964, as well as Seira Fort can still be seen today.  The Forts of Jabal Ghadir, Jabal 'Alyan and the Water Reservoirs of Al-Taweelah are considered among the most important historical sites that are visited today, in addition to the Lighthouse in Crater.
 
Cities & Markets
 
The most important is Crater, which is the oldest city in the governorate and contains the most crowded markets such as the Za'afaran Market, the Buhara Market and the Al-Taweel Market.  In Crater one will also find the oldest mosques, such as the historical Mosque of Abban, the Al-'Aidarous Mosque. Then there is the City of Al-Tawwhai, which is the home of the major port of the governorate.

Other significant cities of Aden Governorate include :

Al-Mu'alla
Al-Qallo'a
Khourmaksar
Sheikh 'Uthman
Al-Bureiqa
Al-Mansoura
Al-Sha'ab
Dar Sa'ad

Preferred Coastal Tourist Sites
 
The Abyan-Khourmaksar Beach
Gold Moor
Al-'Arousa
Neshwan
Al-Tawwahi
Seira Beach
Haqqat in Crater
Al-Ghadir and Al-Kheisa
Faqam in Al-Bureiqa
 
Museums
 
The National Museum of Antiquities
The Traditional Customs and Traditions (Folklore) in Buq'an in the forward Gulf area.
 
Temples & Churches
 
There were about 19 Hindu Temples and churches, which have been changed to serve other functions.
Aden also houses Aden University the highest scholastic institute in the Governorate of Aden.